The Evolvent of Criteria for Assessment of Innovation Expression in the State Level

Rasa Daugeliene, Simona Juocepyte

Abstract


There are a lot of scientific works were innovation conception is defined. These interpretations usually identify innovation in different environments. It is important to stress that interpretation of innovation in business, industry as well as in public sectors is totally diverse. This complicates the possibility to understand the expression of innovation and more over to assess the level of their penetration. In order to facilitate the understanding of innovation expression in the state level the National Innovation System (NIS) is used as the fundamental instrument. This is a new standpoint highlighted in the article. It is stressed that effective NIS is mostly influenced by various public sectors, private business sectors as well as educational institutions. The business sector is responsible for the inspiration of innovation creation and implementation of appreciable innovative product or service. The public sector is responsible for policy formation and preparation for innovation expansion at the state level.

In the expert works different innovation indexes are used in order to assess the value of innovation expression as well as the effectiveness of NIS functioning in the state level. The main peculiarities of these indexes are highlighted in the article. The article solves the scientific problem which is directly correlated with the situation that there is no unit classification of possible indexes (models) for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level.

According to all arguments mentioned, the authors of this article raise the aim to use analytical (theoretical) as well as empirical methods to systematize the evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level as well as to present possible methods and areas of it’s application (Lithuania’s case). To achieve this aim free tasks were solved in the article: to highlight the main peculiarities of existing indexes for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level; to systematize the groups of quantitative and qualitative criteria as well as to perform empirical research in order to present the evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level; to provide the possible methods and areas of application of evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level.

The essential result of the research was the classification of possible indexes for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level into two groups. Using the comparison method, all criteria were systematized into 14 quantitative and 11 qualitative criteria. As the consequence of selection of criteria the basic frequently recurrent groups where highlighted (human resource, innovators, economic effect, environment, investment for education, conditions for business provided by public institutions, general infrastructure, scientific output, knowledge creation, investor and creditor conditions, entrepreneurship). The empirical research enabled to specify and adapt for Lithuania the evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level. Finally the possible methods and areas of application of evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression in the state level were presented in the article.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.23.2.1540


Keywords


innovation expression; National Innovation System (NIS); evolvent of criteria for the assessment of innovation expression

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Print ISSN: 1392-2785
Online ISSN: 2029-5839