Can Readability of Loan Description Affect Loan Success Rate and Loan Cost?: A Textual Analysis of P2P Loan Description

  • Haitao Si School of Finance, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China
  • Siqi Jiang Faculty of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong, China
  • Yizhuo Fang School of Finance, Xinjiang University of Finance & Economics, China
  • Usman Muhammad Department of Economics and Business Administration, University of Education Lahore (Faisalabad Campus), Pakistan
Keywords: P2P lending, loan description, readability, textual analysis


Text is an important form of information transfer. In a P2P (Peer-to-Peer) loan market with severe information asymmetry, loan descriptive information voluntarily written by a borrower may generate significant influence on investors’ decision-making. As an important language feature, readability determines whether the audience can accurately identify textual contents. To discuss the influence of readability of loan description on borrowing behaviors, the data of a Chinese P2P lending platform Renrendai during 2013–2017 were used in this study. Readability index of loan description was constructed through the textual analysis method, followed by an empirical verification of the influences of readability of loan description on loan success rate and loan cost. Results indicate that the readability of loan description in China’s P2P loan market can generate incremental information, and the readability of loan description has evident nonlinear relations with loan success rate and loan interest rate. Moreover, the readability of loan description presents a “reverse U-shaped” relation with loan success rate and a “U-shaped” relation with loan interest rate. Demographic information (gender and educational background) of borrowers will not influence investors’ feedback behaviors toward the readability of loan description. Conclusions provide empirical evidence for standardizing loan descriptive information on P2P lending platforms.