Knowledge Economy: Synergy Effects, Interinstitutional Interaction and Internationalization Processes

  • Borisas Melnikas ilnius Gediminas Technical University
Keywords: knowledge society, knowledge economy, institutional interaction, internationalization, scientific technological progress, phenomena of knowledge economy creation processes

Abstract

Various aspects of the synergy effects, the new tendencies of the processes of creating knowledge based society and the knowledge economy, as well as institutional interaction and the processes of internationalization of scientific and technological progress are described in the article.

The main idea is that the creation and development processes of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy may be attributed to the category of synergy effects oriented processes, therefore, all general phenomena and characteristics of synergy effects oriented processes in general, are absolutely typical for the creation and development of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy.

The institutional interaction and the processes of the internationalization of scientific and technological progress could be described as the typical synergy effects oriented processes. The institutional interaction and the processes of the internationalization of the scientific and technological progress analyzed in the general context of the creating of knowledge based society and knowledge economy.

The new definitions of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy are described. The main principles of creating the knowledge based society and knowledge economy are presented. 

Creating and modernization of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy are very complicated processes, oriented to the formation of the new quality of society and qualitatively new lifestyle, these processes may be described as "twice" as complicated, because they win distinction by orientations to the pursuit of new quality in two aspects:

‒        the knowledge based society and knowledge economy, compared to "traditional" society and economy, are in all cases described as qualitatively new;

‒        creating and development of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy takes place under the conditions of the global changes, which means that qualitative changes take place in all global space, the essence of those changes is the creation and spread of the knowledge based society and knowledge economy.

 A special attention is given to the conclusion that in the environment of the knowledge based society creation and  generating knowledge economy and development, the provisions for effective institutional interaction and for complex cultural, mental, social, economic and technological interaction in the context of internationalization processes should be attained.

The following general conclusions are made:

‒        the processes of creating knowledge based society and generating knowledge economy and its further development should be understood as the undivided unity;

‒        the processes of creating  knowledge based society and generating knowledge economy and its further development should be perceived as relevant to all spheres of life - meaning social, economic and political life, culture, advancement of science and technologies, interaction with nature in general and environment in particular;

‒        the processes of creating  knowledge based society and generating knowledge economy and its further development should be comprehended as the ones providing economic preconditions for the modernization of the society and refinement of its life in accordance with the standards, norms and values of knowledge based society;

‒        the processes of creating knowledge based society and knowledge economy and further development should be interpreted as a multi-dimensional and extremely complex and uninterrupted process which manifests itself in cyclical changes and leaps towards higher quality standards;

‒        the complex approach towards knowledge based society and knowledge economy creation and further development should be implemented in all stages of scientific research, studies and practical activities, including the prioritizing various programmes on multi- and cross-disciplinary research and studies, as well as strategic solutions of the complex character in various stages of regional development, planning and designing of economic and technological leaps.

‒        the processes of creating knowledge based society and knowledge economy and further development should be analyzed and assessed in the context of the priorities of synergy effects oriented processes, including - processes of institutional interaction and internationalization of the scientific and technological progress.

This article  provides exhaustive exploration of the possibilities to improve the institutional interaction, including - interoperability among different systems operating in the overall scientific and technological progress, in addition, it discloses principles of mutual interoperability among the organizations operating in scientific research, training, studies, consultancy and business development and other entities, as well as trends for the development are highlighted here. The main focus is put on the internationalization processes and state policies in science and technology. 

The processes of creating knowledge based society and knowledge economy and further development should be analyzed and assessed in the context of processes of globalization and internationalization, as well as processes of global transformations. 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.22.4.712

Published
2011-10-15
Section
THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF ENTERPRISE FUNCTIONING