Employees` Motivation Model in Lithuanian Food Industry: Search for Theoretical and Practical Premises
Keywords:employees` motives, motivation, motivation models, career, needs.
The paper is focused on the Lithuanian enterprise leading and executive employees` work motives as well as on the attitudes towards work motivation. Correlation of motivation forms with work satisfaction and its results has been defined. The impact of the main factors such as qualification, delegation of power, continuing training and material as well as psychological means on motivation of employees is analysed in the paper. With the help of triangulation investigation method, Lithuanian enterprise employees` motivation and behaviour at work has been evaluated in the three aspects. The main aspects are as follows: interests of leading workers, interests of executive workers and neutral attitude towards the compatibility of these interests. It is a new attitude towards employees` motivation models. With reference to the author’s theoretical and practical investigations, Lithuanian enterprise employees` motivation model has been prepared. According to the investigation data, an insufficient attention is paid to motivation models of the employees from Lithuanian enterprises. At best, the separate motivation means are tried for the encouraging of the employees in the state’s enterprises. Neither integrated attitude, nor particular motivation models (for the enterprises of Lithuanian food industry) do exist in the meantime. Having analysed the motivation theories of foreign scientists as well as having evaluated the results of practical investigation in Lithuania, it has been determined that the basics of the motivation of the employees of Lithuanian enterprises are the motives of every employee (both official’s and worker’s), that are directed towards desirable results, and the behaviour of the employees – a conscious achievement of these results. One can confess that the point of motivation is the alternation of the behaviour and activity of employees (in desirable direction of employers). Conceptional motivation model of employees has been created for the grounding of this proposition. It has been determined during the investigation that different motives are relevant to the employees of different enterprises. Managers ought to know that while changing operating conditions the motives of subordinates will change too. The hierarchy of the facilities of motivation activity could help managers to subordinate the motivesmechanisms of the individual for the good of employees themselves. So, the aim of the motivation activity of the managers would be – to notice and evaluate in time the change of the motives of employees, while picking the motivation model of the employees of the enterprise. During the investigations of the motivation models of foreign countries and the Lithuanian labour motivation it has been determined that common consistent patterns, typical to Lithuanian enterprises, do exist. They are determined by differently chosen elements of motivation models of managers and employees of enterprises. Therefore the motivation models of the employees of the enterprises should include such motivation elements, which are typical of the managers and employees of particular enterprise.