Research on Differentiation of Accidents at Work Considering Demographic Features of Workers in Steel Sector in Poland
Keywords:Accidents at work, Legal requirements, Statistica analysis, Metallurgical enterprises, Safety at work
This article focuses on the number of accidents at work in enterprises in the steel industry. Accidents have a significant effect on the operations of enterprises due to the social and economic costs they generate. This article presents the dependence between the number of accidents at work, demographic characteristics (sex, age) and work experience of injured persons, which allows for the identification of risk groups based on to the tested feature. The scope of the analysis covers the structure of accidents at work in the steel industry in the years 2009-2015. The aim of this article is to present the dependence between the number of accidents at work and the demographic characteristics and work experience of workers employed in the industry under examination. The conducted analysis led to the conclusion that there is a relation between the number of accidents at work and the demographic characteristics of persons sustaining an accident at work. In the period between 2009-2015, male workers aged 30-39 were involved in accidents at work the most frequently. The research methodology applied in this article consists of: absolute and generic analysis of work accidents, ratio analysis and statistical analysis of the relation between the number of accidents at work and the demographic characteristics of workers injured in accidents. The applied methodology of analysis of accidents at work may be used for a benchmark analysis of various industry sectors in any country or the same sectors in various countries.