The Quest for Regionalization of Global Value Chains in a Pandemic Global Business Environment
Keywords:Global Value Chain, Governance, Regionalization, Apparel Industry
Covid - 19 has affected global value chains (GVCs) and firms’ behaviours within GVCs to a large extent. Firms need to find flexible solutions to stabilize production and rethink value chain governance and supplier relationships. Thus, GVCs recover from the initial shock, and the GVCs reconfiguration becomes essential for managers. We reviewed recent literature focusing on the GVCs, the role of governance and Covid – 19 effects on it as well as the regionalization trend. Thus, this study aims to give empirical evidence on the reconfiguration of GVCs, particularly the changes in the structure of suppliers in the global apparel industry, by using the Bloomberg Supply Chain Analysis tool in the period of 2017-2021. We analysed the structural changes in selected leading apparel multinational companies’ GVCs - Industria de Diseno Textil, S.A. (Inditex), Hennes &Mauritz AB (H & M) and adidas AG. The findings provide insights on the current state of the theoretically discussed and widely expected regionalization trend in GVCs. The study concludes that two out of three cases provide evidence indicating an ongoing trend toward GVCs regionalization. The contribution of this study consists of empirical evidence of the changes in GVCs supplier structure in the apparel industry in response to pandemic global business environment. Practical implications and recommendations for businesses and policy makers are related to the revealed theories and testable models by using Bloomberg’s Supply Chain Analysis data and linking causes and effects of the GVCs regionalization processes.