Independent Variables Affecting Employee Behaviour in Socially Responsible Organisations: Working Environment in Lithuania and Poland


  • Jolita Vveinhardt Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
  • Włodzimierz Sroka WSB University, Poland; College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa



corporate social responsibility, organisation’s behaviour, employee’s behaviour, working environment, Lithuania, Poland


Although the improvement of work environment is often associated with greater operational efficiency, we propose looking at it from a different angle. The improvement of working conditions creates a “side effect” that provides significant support for the implementation of CSR goals. That is, organizations have the opportunity not only to improve accountability to this stakeholder group, but also to stimulate its socially responsible behaviour. The purpose of this paper is to identify independent variables affecting employee behaviour in socially responsible organisations. To conduct the research, a questionnaire survey method was chosen. The research sample includes 823 respondents from Lithuania and Poland. The research hypotheses were tested by performing the linear regression analysis with independent variables. Our findings show that when such features as employee intentions to leave the job, the extremity of work content, biased work management, environment that does not correspond to ergonomic requirements, and poor working conditions were decreasing while other variables in Lithuanian organisations remained unchanged, the socially responsible behaviour of the organisations was strengthening. In Poland’s case, as negative intentions and attitudes of employees were weakening, the nature of tasks and working conditions were becoming more acceptable, while other social variables remained unchanged, the employee’s socially responsible behaviour was also strengthening.

Author Biographies

Jolita Vveinhardt, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania

Jolita Vveinhardt, PhD, is a full professor in the field of Management Science. She works at Vytautas Magnus University and Lithuanian Sports University (Lithuania), as well as WSB University, Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland). She is heading three scientific groups: “Neuro-Relationships” (Lithuanian Sports University), “Managerial Solutions to Violence in Sport” (Lithuanian Sports University), “The Group of Interdisciplinary Research on Working Environment” (Vytautas Magnus University). She is the author and co-author of more than 200 scientific articles, 100 of which were published in peer reviewed journals of Web of Science Core Collection database. She is a member of the International Baltic Management Development Association, Lithuanian Educational Research Association, Lithuanian Association for Quality Management and Innovations, Lithuanian Trauma Psychology Association, European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Lithuanian Neuroscience Association, Lithuanian Ergonomics Association and Federation of European Neuroscience Societies.

Włodzimierz Sroka, WSB University, Poland; College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Włodzimierz Sroka, PhD, is an associate professor of strategic management. He is Deputy Head of the Management Department of WSB University in  Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland), extraordinary professor at North-West University (South Africa) as well as visiting professor at University of Johannesburg (South Africa). He is the author of numerous scientific papers about strategic alliances, network organizations, strategy, restructuring of the company, CSR and business ethics, marketing and customer's behaviour, public management as well as innovations and entrepreneurship. He is Editor in Chief at Forum Scientiae Oeconomia (Scopus) and Deputy Editor in Chief at European Journal of International Management (IF = 2,145). He is also a member of Editorial Boards of numerous scientific journals indexed in Web of Science Core Collection and SCOPUS.

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